- To honor the memory of the victims, August 2 was declared the European Roma Genocide Commemoration Day by the European Parliament Resolution of April 15, 2015
On August 2, the European Day of Commemoration of the Victims of the Holocaust against the Roma is marked, to honor the 500,000 Roma, meaning at least a quarter of the total number of the Roma population at that time, who were killed in Europe by the Nazi regime.
On August 2, 1944, approximately 3,000 Roma in the Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination camp fell victim to the Nazi regime. In total, in Europe, around 500,000 Roma were killed during the Holocaust.
To honor the memory of the victims, August 2 was declared the European Roma Genocide Commemoration Day by the European Parliament Resolution of April 15, 2015.
At the same time, by Law no. 124/2020, the 2nd of August was instituted nationally as the National Day of Commemoration of the Holocaust against the Roma – Samudaripen. The word samudaripen means mass killing in Romani.
According to the Final Report of the International Commission for the Study of the Holocaust in Romania, approximately 25,000 Roma from Romania were deported by the Antonescu regime to Transnistria. Of these, about 11,000 died.
The daily newspaper ZIUA de Constanța contacted the Association “Speranța si Incredere”, led by Lăcrămioara Georgescu, who together with the Activist coordinator for the defense of the rights of the Roma community – Vasile Grozea from the Project Platform “Brotherhood of the Roma from Romania” – sent a few words to pay tribute those who perished under the extremist regime.
The history of modern Romania cannot be understood without the atrocities and mass extermination of Jews and Roma. GENOCIDE is the intentional, systematic and programmed physical extermination of a group or part of it because of ethnic, religious or racial origin. In the late hours of August 2 and the early morning hours of August 3, 1944, the Nazis killed the prisoners of the so-called “Gypsy Family Camp” which was part of the Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination camp. At least 2,898 Roma were gassed to death in a single night.
According to a recent study published by the Auschwitz Memorial and Museum, however, more than 1,000 Roma prisoners also died that evening. It is now estimated that the total number of Roma killed on 2-3 August 1944 was 4,200; In addition, the same research discusses the active resistance of these prisoners at Auschwitz. Some of the children managed to hide during the gassing operations, but were found and killed in the following days. During the Holocaust, the Nazis wanted to eradicate the Roma and Sinti population from Europe. Many of these were used in medical experiments, torture and sterilization. Hundreds of thousands of Roma were killed.
It recognizes the historical reality of the Roma genocide of the Second World War, as well as other forms of persecution, such as deportations and forced internments, and calls on member states to do the same. According to estimates, at least half a million Roma were exterminated by the Nazi regime and other regimes and their allies, and in some states, over 80 percent of the Roma population was murdered.
“We condemn the racist statements of Viktor Orban and in this way we ask the Roma organizations and the organizations for the defense of human rights and ethnic minorities to report themselves and act according to the legislation in force.
Such behaviors must be fined and a common front organized to combat this form of discrimination in the conditions where it appears as a matter of racial politics expressed by a representative of a European state positioned in such an important position, it is all the more dangerous and can encourage violence because the victims of this form of declared racism can trigger violence and are more willing to resort to violence against these people who attack our freedoms and rights with a high degree of violence. Let’s amend these statements that represent a violation of rights human and a direct reference to a group of people, violates the international convention on the prohibition of discrimination which means any distinction, exclusion, restriction or preference based on race, color, descent or national or ethnic origin which has as its purpose or effect the annulment or reduction of recognition , the equal exercise of rights and fundamental human freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural or any other field of public life.
Roma live in deplorable ghettos and makeshift camps, often in segregated and environmentally dangerous areas. Very often, the areas where Roma live have limited access to public services, employment and schools and lack adequate access to public utilities, such as water, electricity or gas.
Many Roma live in overcrowded conditions, where the space for each person is much smaller than the national average, and many homes are in an advanced state of decay.
Efforts are needed to improve equal treatment and promote social inclusion, in order to actively combat residential segregation.
-segregation is still evident in Romania sometimes as a result of the deliberate policy of the governments.
-Segregation can dramatically limit access to
education, jobs and healthcare for many
-Segregated or unsafe settlements mean inadequate or interrupted access to schooling
-Inadequate standards of housing are the causes of poor health and higher incidence of diseases, and for segregated areas access to medical facilities is more difficult.
-People living in informal settlements are particularly vulnerable to forced evictions.
– mass forced evictions of Roma from municipal housing, including evictions of Roma who regularly pay rent, evictions without notice, evictions without genuine consultation of affected communities, and evictions involving police violence and destruction of personal property. There are many cases where the authorities fail to provide alternative housing.
One of the causes of the poor living conditions of the Roma is both direct and indirect racial discrimination. Sometimes, local authorities deny Roma access to social housing, through measures that are directly or indirectly discriminatory towards them.
– Use of anti-discrimination legislation
– The European Union has provided an important legal instrument that can be used to combat discrimination based on racial or ethnic origin, regarding access, among others, to goods and services, including housing, applicable in the case of discrimination against Roma.
– lack of knowledge of rights suggests the fact that some of the most vulnerable minorities in Europe do not get the message regarding their right to non-discrimination. The legislation prohibiting discrimination on ethnic criteria does not reach the Roma communities.
– National Policies
– The need to adopt specific Roma initiatives for the residential inclusion of Roma.
– Lack of specific calendars or evaluation standards based on appropriate data broken down by ethnicity.
– The reluctance of some regional or local authorities, which are often the bodies responsible for local policies in the field of housing, towards the effective implementation of national policies in this area.
– The local authorities refuse to implement policies in the field of housing for Roma.
– The current situation of the Roma and in terms of housing is a serious problem that requires urgent actions from the institutions and the government as well as the local authorities, to ensure equal treatment and encourage social inclusion.
– The government should recognize the multidimensional problems faced by local authorities and mobilize them to implement equal treatment and social inclusion measures.
-The current situation of the Roma and in terms of housing constitutes a
serious problem that requires urgent actions to ensure drinking water, electricity, sanitation services, public transport, roads and other infrastructure for Roma settlements that lack these services”, Vasile Grozea said.
Law 190 of 2018, in Article 7, states that journalistic activity is exempt from some provisions of the GDPR Regulation, if a balance is maintained between freedom of expression and the protection of personal data.
The information in this article is of public interest and is obtained from open public sources.
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