Europe is looking for solutions to continue grain imports from Ukraine. This is in the context in which no less than 12% of the world’s wheat production is in the country invaded by Russia, says the European Commissioner for Transport, Adina Vălean. The European Commission is considering, among other things, the creation of land corridors to other ports on the continent, in order to ensure a continuous flow of goods to all Member States. Lately, imports have been hampered by Russia’s conflict three months ago.

Adina Vălean, European Commissioner for Transport: “Ukraine normally exports 5 million tons of grain per month through its ports on the Black Sea. In April, Ukrainian exports could reach 1.2 million tons, more likely 1.5 million tons. We hope that through the measures we take at European level we will be able to increase this figure to 3-4 million tonnes per month.

If we look only at wheat, 12% of world production is in Ukraine. 50% of the production of sunflower oil is in Ukraine. It is clear that these products, which are naturally exported from Ukraine to various parts of the world, would make it impossible for them to export to the market. The United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, are all trying to work with us to find the best possible solutions to minimize the negative impact of the war in Ukraine. “

The European Union is quickly looking for a solution to facilitate continued imports of grain from Ukraine, as the state invaded by the Russian army three months ago is traditionally one of the main suppliers of agricultural products to European countries.

In the last agricultural season, Ukraine generated over 3% of world grain production, ranking 7th in the world. No European state is in the top ten. In 2021, Kiev exported nearly $ 28 billion worth of food worldwide, including $ 7 billion, to the European Union. It has 25 million tonnes of grain in silos for export, to be transported before the start of the next harvest this summer.

Because the Russian advance has completely blocked Ukraine’s access to ports on the Sea of ​​Azov and most of those on the Black Sea, and the Odessa area is considered too dangerous for civilian maritime traffic, part of Ukraine’s export cargo has moved to river ports. from Ismail, Reni and Chilia. But there are small ports that have limited capacity. The capacity of rail transport of goods on Ukrainian territory to them is also limited. That is 1.1 million tons of grain and another 250 thousand tons of sunflower oil per month, well below what is required.

The main working scenario of the European Union is the creation of so-called solidarity corridors, to ensure that Ukraine can export grain, but can also import the goods it needs – from humanitarian aid to feed and fertilizer. The European Commissioner for Agriculture is proposing corridors to Polish ports on the Baltic Sea. It is about Gdansk and Gdynia, and the Polish European official considers that the ports on the Black Sea, from Constanța and Varna, are a possible variant, but not optimal.

The discussion about finding alternatives for grain exports comes in the context of growing evidence that Russia is acquiring massive quantities of grain from Ukraine. Several satellite images captured in the port of Sevastopol, published by CNN, capture Russian ships that are loaded with Ukrainian grain in the Crimea, claim those in Kyiv. The images show two ships that appear to be under the Russian flag and are loaded with what are believed to be stolen grain from Ukraine.

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