Croatia, Romania and Slovakia are at the top in terms of real estate, while Germany, Austria and Denmark are slightly above the European Union average. Because the last three countries are in a much better economic position than the first three, the Croatian newspaper Dnevnik has investigated why real estate is attractive to some and not to others, quotes Rador.
About 91% of the population of Croatia owns the apartment or house where they live. This percentage is about 20% above the European Union average. Only every second German owns real estate.
“91% of households in Croatia are in apartments or houses owned by one of the members of the household. This is probably the case with a man, so we can also discuss the issue of gender equality “, explains Iva Marčetić from the European Citizens’ Initiative” Housing for All “. According to Marčetić, almost 40% of these households are overcrowded.
What does overcrowded households mean? “Eurostat determines this according to the number of rooms. This would mean that an adult over the age of 18 must have their own room or that a couple must have their own room. Children over the age of 12 should have their own room. There are standards for Europe, so the data is comparable, ”Marcetic explained.
Romania and Croatia are the first and fourth countries in the Union in terms of overcrowding, respectively, but they are at the top of the ranking and in terms of property. Germany is also above the EU average in terms of overcrowding. Hence the kind of paradox: the poorer the country, the more people live in their own real estate.
“Overcrowding is not the only explanation. These countries abandoned public housing programs in the 1990s. We all remember the privatization of the social housing fund and what happened in the 1990s in Croatia. This has led to the situation where we have a very high percentage of private property in housing units in areas like ours “, said Marcetic. This, according to the data, did not lead to a higher standard of living.
“The big difference is that in northern and western European countries there is a much better regulation of the status of social housing and public / social housing construction programs, exactly what has disappeared in the south and east since the 1990s,” Marcetic concluded. .