The United States has promised the last leader of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev, that NATO will not extend “an inch” to the East, except for reunified Germany, which will remain a member of the North Atlantic Alliance, the Russian ambassador said on Thursday. The OSCE, Aleksander Lukashevich, in statements to the press about the current negotiations on the requests for the European security architecture advanced by Moscow, reports the EFE agency, according to Agerpres.
According to the Russian diplomat, this promise was made to Gorbachev in 1990 by US Secretary of State James Baker and later reconfirmed by Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze.
Ambassador Lukashevich’s remarks come after the Kremlin insisted for several months that NATO had tricked the USSR and Russia into extending the Alliance to the East in 1999 and 2004. the exclusion of any further NATO enlargement, especially to Ukraine, and the cessation of all military activity of this Alliance and the United States in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union.
Discussions on the proposal took place on Sunday and Monday in Geneva between the US and Russia bilaterally, continued on Wednesday with a NATO-Russia Council meeting and on Thursday with a meeting within the OSCE, without any progress, while the West is worried about the Russian military presence on the border with Ukraine.
“Unfortunately, we have not received an adequate response from our partners,” Lukashevich said, noting that all of Thursday’s debate at the OSCE meeting revolved around “the alleged threat from Russia.” invasion of Ukraine.
The United States, with which Russia favors bilateral dialogue on the proposals, said through its OSCE ambassador Michael Carpenter that the 57-member organization is a key forum for easing tensions with Russia and securing peace in the region. that Washington will not accept Russia’s “blackmail” or its demand to maintain “spheres of influence.”
Instead, Ambassador Alexander Lukashevich said the OSCE could not be the ideal platform for such talks, as it was an organization that had accumulated “many systemic problems”.
“European security depends directly on the state of relations between the great powers, especially between Russia and the United States, so dialogue between us is vital to reaching agreements in principle on issues crucial to military security in Europe,” he said. Russian.
Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Riabkov said at the time that the West had said “no” to the security guarantees demanded by Russia. “The main problem is that the United States and NATO are not willing to make any concessions, in any way, on key requests,” said Riabkov, the chief negotiator for the Russian delegation to the US consultations in Geneva. If no agreement is reached, the Russian deputy minister continued, Moscow does not rule out a possible deployment of “military infrastructure” in Cuba and Venezuela.
For his part, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said in an interview with Russian public television that Moscow expects to receive a written response from the United States and NATO on its proposals, described by some Western leaders as “next week.” unacceptable ”.