It is getting darker these days and not just because of the weather. We have already passed the autumn equinox, and the light duration of a day is getting shorter and shorter. And the time change is near. The transition to winter time 2021 will take place on the last weekend of October.

Specifically, on the night of October 30 to 31, 2021, 4:00 will become 3:00, the clock is one hour back. “We sleep more”, as they say, because October 31, 2021 will be the longest day of the year, having theoretically 25 hours.

The summer and winter time system involves an hourly adjustment of the clocks every spring and autumn.

In summer, the clock is set one hour ahead (3:00 is 4:00), while in winter the operation is reversed, the clocks are set back one hour and 4:00 is 3 o’clock. : 00.

However, winter time is considered standard time. During winter time, the difference between Romania’s official time and Universal Time (GMT) will be two hours, compared to three hours in summer time.

The summer time / winter time system was adopted by European countries in the last century to save energy, especially during the war or crises in the oil market in the 1970s. The introduction of daylight saving time was aimed at increasing the number of hours in which people benefit from the natural light of the Sun and was extremely advantageous for those who once worked in agriculture.

As long as the time changes

A proposal to drop the time change appeared in the European Union in 2018 and should have come into force in 2019, but some European countries have opposed it.

The European Commission has proposed giving up seasonal time change in Europe, giving Member States the freedom to decide, once and for all, whether they want to apply daylight saving time on a permanent basis. It would have been followed by the change of summer and winter time in the European Union from 2021.

Thus, the states that decided to permanently maintain daylight saving time would have made the last change in this regard on the last Sunday of March 2021, and those who preferred to stay in winter time (standard time) to make the final change on the last Sunday of March October 2021.

European Union countries were normally expected to inform the Commission of their choice by April 2020, and then to coordinate with the Community bloc executive so that individual decisions would not affect the functioning of the single market. However, the special situation arising from the crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic turned these plans upside down.

In Romania, a legislative proposal has been drafted to give up daylight saving time and keep only winter time, but a decision has not yet been taken in Parliament.

Editor: Luana Pavaluca

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